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The Role of Anesthesiology in Surgical Procedures
Top among the advantages of surgical intervention in the treatment of ailments is that the diseased body part is accessed physically and acted upon. The amount of pain involved in a normal operation is often unbearable for most humans, and that is why anesthesia is used during such treatments. Anesthesia involves putting your entire body or part of it to deep sleep in a way that you cannot feel any pain. As a result, the operation or surgery proceeds without interruptions from the patient. Why is anesthesiology important in surgery?
Before surgery, an anesthesiologist must look into your medical history and the condition that makes it necessary for your body to be treated. He will also make an assessment of your preparedness to undergo the operation. The findings of the evaluation will help in the determination of the most suitable anesthesia drugs to use during the surgery. Just before the surgery begins, he is the person who asks you to count backward from 100- a standard procedure that is used when putting patients to a state of unconsciousness.
An anesthesiologist will monitor the breathing and heartbeat of patients as the operation progresses, which is a critical process in ensuring that the patient stays alive. Others include the rhythm of the heart, blood pressure, body fluid balance, and temperature. It is the changes that are observed in the patient’s vital signs that will indicate the regulation of the anesthesia used. A series of monitoring equipment are used during the exercise, and the anesthesiologist will interpret the readings given so as to determine the most appropriate action to take. At this stage too, the expert controls the pain and consciousness of the patient because they are essential if the surgeon is to perform his work effectively. At a time when anesthesiologists were not present, patients had to be restrained using things like ropes before surgeries were performed.
After the surgery is complete, an anesthesiologist wakes the patient or returns him to consciousness. However, pain control is optimized just before then to ensure that the surgery wounds do not hurt when the patient awakes. A anesthesiologist also ensures that the patient remains in a state of total comfort during recovery. Additionally, the expert is involved in the administration of drugs while the patient is in the intensive care unit. It is the anesthesiologist who has the final say on whether to discharge you from the medical facility or not.
Among the roles of an anesthesiologist is to evaluate the risks and benefits of the procedure because a surgery may have to be postponed if the former outweigh the latter. Modern professionals allow you to be awake during certain operations because they just need to numb certain body sections. Mothers, for instance, can now watch the delivery of their babies who are born through operations.
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